Hippocrates of Kos. Art Gold gift
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Hippocrates of Kos, was a Greek physician of the age of Pericles classical Greece, and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the father of western medicine, in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. Hippocrates is credited with being the first person to believe that diseases were caused naturally, not because of superstition and gods. He separated the discipline of medicine from religion, believing and arguing that disease was not a punishment inflicted by the Gods but rather the product of environmental factors, diet, and living habits.
In Hippocratic medicine the therapeutic approach was based on “the healing power of nature”. According to this doctrine, the body contains within itself the power to re-balance the four humours and heal itself .Hippocratic therapy focused on simply easing this natural process.
Hippocrates and his followers were first to describe many diseases and medical conditions. He is given credit for the first description of clubbing of the fingers, an important diagnostic sign in chronic lung disease, lung cancer and cyanotic heart disease. For this reason, clubbed fingers are sometimes referred to as “Hippocratic fingers”. Hippocrates was also the first physician to describe Hippocratic face in PrognosisHippocrates began to categorize illnesses as acute, chronic, endemic and epidemic, and use terms such as, “exacerbation, relapse, resolution, crisis, paroxysm, peak.Another of Hippocrates’ major contributions may be found in his descriptions of the symptomatology, physical findings, surgical treatment and prognosis of thoracic empyema. His teachings remain relevant to present-day students of pulmonary medicine and surgery. Hippocrates was the first documented chest surgeon and his findings and techniques, while crude, such as the use of lead pipes to drain chest wall abscess, are still valid Hippocrates often used lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise to treat diseases such as diabetes, what is today called lifestyle medicine.
After the European Renaissance, Hippocratic methods were revived in western Europe and even further expanded in the 19th century. According to Aristotle‘s testimony, Hippocrates was known as “The Great Hippocrates”.